The Government’s being slammed for ignoring the fact those who have insurance, pay for those who don’t, to keep the Fire Service Commission afloat.
The Insurance Council of New Zealand (ICNZ) has accused the Government of making a mockery of genuine consultation, as it refuses to consider dropping the insurance-based fire levy, in its review of the Commission.
The Minster of Internal Affairs, Peter Dunne, is calling for public submissions on his Fire Service Review Discussion Document.
However the two options he’s provided for funding the Commission, both involve a levy on insurance, like we have at the moment.
Currently, the Fire Service is funded through a levy charged to property owners and collected by insurance companies or brokers when their customers take out fire insurance for contents, buildings, or motor vehicles.
The levy makes up about 95% of the Commission's funding and also provides some funding to Rural Fire, through the Commission’s grants to Rural Fire Authorities, and the Rural Fire Fighting Fund.
According to a MartinJenkins report, the levy made up $331 million of the $355 million of income the Commission received in the 2012/13 year.
The first alternative the Government is suggesting is also an insurance-based model, which changes the way the levy is calculated to make it easier to understand how much needs to be paid.
The second alternative is a mixed-funding model. It sees funding sourced from insurance levies, contributions from the Government to fund non-fire activities such as medical and police assistance, contributions from the Government to reflect the under-insurance of Crown properties for fire damage, and contributions from the motor vehicle sector.
The Government has ruled out funding the Fire Service through general taxation – the approach the ICNZ says is the fairest, most cost-effective and sustainable.
ICNZ: Government’s review a “shame-faced apology”
ICNZ chief executive Tim Grafton says, “The current system of funding pings everyone who insures their property so those who don’t insure free-ride and expect firefighters to rescue them when it counts.
“By sticking with a levy on insurance, the Government’s review reads like a shame-faced apology with a narrow set of options that either suffer from creating unfairness, complexity, additional compliance costs or potential avoidance loopholes.”
The council says firefighters are highly valued and need to be supported by a modern, efficient structure, not one that fundamentally hasn’t changed for 70 years.
It notes there have been over 16 independent reports on the Fire Service over the past 20 years and almost all have recommended shifting away from a levy on insurance.
It says the levy on insurance also leaves New Zealand out of step with the rest of the world, as the UK Government took over the running and funding of brigades 150 years ago, and Australia has thrown out such a levy.
The ICNZ’s calling for the Government to up its contribution to funding the Fire Service and reduce the burden on those who bear a disproportionate burden of the costs.
Grafton says; “it needs to shift the levy off comprehensive motor insurance to car registration which would hardly be noticed with the massive cuts to ACC”.
The council also wants to see many of the ambiguities and complexities of the present collection systems sorted out.
Dunne: The review addresses the funding model’s (other) problems
While Dunne isn’t on the same page as the ICNZ when it comes to an insurance-based fire levy, he admits the levy doesn’t reflect the range of activities the Fire Service provides.
The review says, “The levy is calculated on fire insurance but funds a range of non-fire activities, such as responding to weather events and medical emergencies”.
It cites the Martin Jenkins report, which estimates $84.6 million was spent on readiness and response to non-fire incidents in the 2012/13 year.
The Government also acknowledges the levy can be confusing and difficult to calculate.
Dunne notes the question of how the Commission is funded is separate from the question of how much funding the fire services receive.
He says the cost of making any changes to the fire services will depend on which option is chosen. After consultation, detailed financial modelling will be done to work out the cost of the option chosen.
The public have until July 10th to make submissions on the discussion document.