Siah Hwee Ang with the latest happenings across the Asia-Pacific, including China and imports, e-commerce in India, Malaysia back in the mix, Australia goes at China, meaty matters, the Trump-Kim summit and more

Siah Hwee Ang with the latest happenings across the Asia-Pacific, including China and imports, e-commerce in India, Malaysia back in the mix, Australia goes at China, meaty matters, the Trump-Kim summit and more

Today's Top 10 is a guest post from Professor Siah Hwee Ang, the BNZ chair in business in Asia who also chairs the enabling our Asia-Pacific trading nation distinctiveness theme at Victoria University. 

As always, we welcome your additions in the comments below or via email to david.chaston@interest.co.nz.

And if you're interested in contributing the occasional Top 10 yourself, contact gareth.vaughan@interest.co.nz.

See all previous Top 10s here.

1. China is encouraging imports.

With effect from 1 July 2018, China will lower tariffs on 1,449 categories of goods.

The changes will cover areas such as apparel, aquaculture products, cosmetics, healthcare products, and household appliances.

This is the second time in seven months that China has reduced tariffs on consumer goods. December 1, 2017 also saw tariffs cut for nearly 200 types of consumer goods.

The move will reduce the country’s trade surplus with most of its partners. But more importantly, it will allow the economy to grow significantly more sustainably than at its current rate.

Amidst looming trade wars, this is welcome news for consumer goods exporters.

2. E-commerce becomes a popular channel for Chinese exports.

While China is boosting its imports to reduce trade imbalance, Chinese exports continue to flood the economies of the globe, this time round through e-commerce channels.

The statistics show that in 2017 around US$140 billion worth of Chinese goods were exported to more than 200 countries and regions through e-commerce platforms.

For example, AliExpress, Alibaba’s business-to-consumer website, serves 224 countries and regions.

By 2020, the value of exports is expected to increase 140% from 2017 figures.

3. E-commerce market in India.

While China’s e-commerce market continues to hit record numbers, India’s e-commerce has unexpectedly begun to stagnate, according to RedSeer Consulting.

The frequency of purchases and the average order value are both growing at single digits, despite the potential of the market.

Only 20% of internet users purchase goods online in India, in comparison to 55% in China and 79% in the US.

These figures are not consistent with the general optimism in the market, as showcased by Walmart’s recent purchase of Flipkart.

This is definitely a space to look out for, should you be considering India’s consumer market for your products.

4. FDI in India has declined.

The slowdown of e-commerce purchases is not the only concern +with the India at the moment.

The 2018 World Investment Report by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) shows a dip in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India from US$44 billion in 2016 to US$40 billion in 2017.

FDI outflow, though, more than doubled to US$11 billion. This is not too bad given the 23% global decline of FDI flows.

However, it does mean that India is not spared the effects of this global trend. Better pitches for foreign companies may be needed, and the country may need to up its motivation for rising up the ranks of World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index.

5. ASEAN and India deepen their ties.

Despite their 25-year ties, the strength of the relationship between India and ASEAN has not been strong.

ASEAN’s trade with India is well below its trade with China.

Nonetheless, we are beginning to see signs of strengthening ties between the two parties. This year, ASEAN was invited as a VIP to India’s Republic Day.

Just a couple of weeks ago, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid visits to both Indonesia and Singapore.

During the Indonesia trip, 15 agreements were signed, and a 30-day free visa was agreed upon that will allow Indonesian citizens to travel to India. The countries set a goal to boost bilateral trade to US$50 billion by 2025. Bilateral trade was US$18 billion in 2017.

In Singapore, the countries agreed to cut tariffs to another 30 products under the preferential tariff scheme.

The chances of establishing an “Indo-Pacific” presence in the Pacific Rim, in which India would play a big part, will rest on its ability to nurture its relationship with ASEAN.

6. Malaysia back in the mix on global matters.

With the new government in place in Malaysia, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad did not waste much time to get into action.

First up, he queried the terms of the US$14 billion rail deal in Malaysia involving Chinese partners.

The East Coast Rail Link, a 688 kilometre route connecting the South China Sea at the Thai border in the east with the shipping routes of the Straits of Malacca in the west, is part of China’s One Belt One Road Initiative.

The Malaysian Prime Minister also questioned whether the link was indeed necessary.

In principle, the deal may still go ahead, but we will wait to see if there’s more drama ahead.

Just last week, he called for a review of the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement, sparking concern among the 11-member trade pact.

We will have to wait and see what exactly he means by ‘review’. There is no sign that Malaysia is considering a withdrawal.

7. Australia and China going at each other?

Recent attention has very much been focused on the US and China going at each other, and the potential for this to cumulate in a trade war.

But closer to home, New Zealand’s noisy neighbour, Australia, is also seemingly having a go at China.

In comparison to New Zealand, Australia does have a better position from which to deal with disputes with China.

Nonetheless, the strain on Australia’s relationship with China is starting to show, as beef and wine exports are failing to overcome obstacles in China.

While attribution is not direct, the effects of political events on business have been prevalent in times.

8. Are we running out of meat after all?

The Farm Animal and Investment Risk and Return initiative (FAIRR), supported by asset managers worth US$5.9 trillion, recently suggested that meat, fish and dairy groups are risking their long-term growth if they do not invest in alternative protein businesses.

In fact, they went so far as to urge 16 global food companies to address the risks of industrial-scale farming by diversifying into plant-based sources of protein.

According to FAIRR, the increasing global demand for protein will have far-reaching financial, environmental and social consequences.

In their report, they state that only five out of 60 leading listed international food groups have backed plant-based meat alternatives grown in laboratories as well as dairy alternatives. These are Tyson Foods and Hormel Foods of the US, Canada’s Maple Leaf, China Mengniu Dairy, and Vietnam Dairy.

This issue is certainly one for New Zealand producers and consumers to ponder, if they have not done so already.

9. US: “Let’s have Russia!”

US President, Donald Trump, has stirred the pot again by suggesting that Russia be readmitted to the G7.

Russia was originally part of G8, but due to its actions in Crimea and its support of pro-Russia separatists in Ukraine, it was asked to leave the group in 2014.

There are mixed feelings in the group about this, in particular given Russia’s continued support of the Syrian regime, and its suspected involvement in the Salisbury poisoning case earlier this year.

From the US perspective, it makes sense to keep Russia closer to avoid Russia sticking close to China.

10. Highlight of the week: Trump meets Kim.

The highlight of this week in the Asia-Pacific has to be the meeting of US President Donald Trump with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore.

The world was watching as the two leaders flew in to Singapore for the historic event.

Singapore was deemed a good neutral location for the event, and is one of the few countries that still maintains a North Korean diplomatic presence. From a US point of view, President Trump has signalled that he doesn’t need the help of China to establish a dialogue with North Korea.

As the spectacle unfolded, the Asian powerhouses of China, Japan and South Korea were reduced to watching from the side lines. They too had a lot riding on the outcome of the event.

After close to five hours of talks, the meeting produced an agreement in which Mr Kim signalled his commitment to the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, and Mr Trump agreed to provide security guarantees to the rogue state.

The agreement, described by some as vague and lacking substance, has also been likened to a ‘starting gun for a marathon process’. The real substance, perhaps, lies in the fact that the meeting took place at all.

We welcome your help to improve our coverage of this issue. Any examples or experiences to relate? Any links to other news, data or research to shed more light on this? Any insight or views on what might happen next or what should happen next? Any errors to correct?

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Re-posted and expanded from yesterdays closing bell and linked to the above points: The problem with most articles by NZ academics is simply that we get one view. I read Asia Times and other local common taters to get a better rounded outlook. Two fabulous articles from Pepe Escobar - a longtime stalwart at Asia Times.

#9 The possibility of a G3 - China, Russia, US - and the delicious quote "G8 is the Walking Dead'

Meanwhile, over in Qingdao, the stunning takeaway was offered predictably by Chinese President Xi Jinping; “President Putin and I both think that the China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership is mature, firm and stable.”

This is a massive game-changer because officially, so far, this was a “comprehensive partnership.” It’s the first time on record that Xi has put the stress on “strategic”. Again, in his own words: “It is the highest-level, most profound and strategically most significant relationship between major countries in the world.”

And if that was not far-reaching enough, it’s also personal. Xi, referring to Putin and perhaps channeling Trump’s bonhomie with leaders he likes, said, “He is my best, most intimate friend.”

#10 The denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula - the Panmunjom Declaration written into the document recently signed amidst the usual MSM derangement about what it means.

Once again, this is all about Eurasia integration; increased trade between North Korea and Northeast China, concerning mostly Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces; and total, physical connectivity of both Koreas to the Eurasian heartland.

That’s yet another instance of the New Silk Roads, or Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) meeting the Eurasia Economic Union (EAEU). And not by accident South Korea wants to connect deeper with both BRI and the EAEU.

When in doubt, re-read Panmunjom
The Singapore joint statement is not a deal; it’s a statement. The absolutely key item is number 3: “Reaffirming the April 27, 2018, Panmunjom Declaration, the DPRK commits to work toward the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”

This means that the US and North Korea will work towards denuclearization not only in what concerns the DPRK but the whole Korean Peninsula.

Much more than “…the DPRK commits to work toward the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula”, the keywords are in fact “reaffirming the April 27, 2018, Panmunjom Declaration…”

""Xi, referring to Putin ... said, “He is my best, most intimate friend.”"" For some reason this reminded me of Stalin & Hitler and their Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.

China still pick's and chooses what it allows and what it doesn't. They may have might, but are not always right. If China had allowed access to Google & Facebook & Apple & co the way the west allowed them access the global markets, things would be completely different today. They didn't and good luck to them. They've got themselves into a very strong position, globally. But remember, that the top quarter of a billion Chinese, the party members and their chosen few, have all got wealthy beyond imagination, while the other billion Chinese workers struggle day and night to create the wealth on wages bordering on slavery. They get away with it because the poor workers don't know any better, or if they do, told to shut up or else.
If these billion Chinese workers were to rise up against their greedy leaders, then my guess is that withing 10 years China would be a group of 8-10 counties, all with their own languages and cultures all different from one another. An opportunity which I'd bet they'd all jump at given half a chance. Except Beijing!
China would do well to stop the lying and the cheating and start being up front about its ambitions so that the globe can grow together, not apart. Yeah, sure, the Yanks are not perfect but they give their people the choice which is more than China will ever do, given its current position. Look at the Spratly Islands. The Australians are not perfect either but they also value their choices and their democracy and good on them for calling China out. China, if you want to play, then play fair, otherwise in the immortal words of Billy Connelly Fuck off.
Oh. Re the article above, it's pretty one dimensional and shallow. It's par for the course.

The author does not use an exciting style of writing and he clearly wants to keep his visiting rights to all Asian countries so you don't read him for witty pleasantries or sarcasm. You can add your own depth by thinking about the implications of #8.
#8 why does Vietnam and Canada have companies investing in "plant-based meat alternatives grown in laboratories as well as dairy alternatives" and NZ doesn't?

Just read this and it is an example of the style that Prof Siah Hwee Ang does not use: ""WAR TRY! RTS THE LEGEND! The shimmy, the shake, the razzle dazzle - whatever you want to call it, it's magic! The fullback takes it out of dummy half on the Warriors' 40m. He sidesteps right to break the line and get into the backfield. He's running in the open with one to beat. Sidesteps right again to break Morgan's ankles and he's in under the posts. Mama, there goes that man!""

And Vietnam is following China and bringing new restrictions on Internet use and freedom
https://techcrunch.com/2018/06/12/vietnams-new-cyber-security-law-draws-...