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# Angus Malcolm shows how the value of a forest changes dynamically in relation to the current price of logs

Angus Malcolm shows how the value of a forest changes dynamically in relation to the current price of logs

By Angus Malcolm*

With log prices rising over 10% in 2013 one forest owner asks: "If log prices have gone up by 5%, will my forest value have increased by 5% also?"

"No".

Now let me explain: I will use a simplified example to illustrate.

My forest will yield 500m3/ ha at age 30. Costs for harvesting the logs and delivering them to port/mill is \$60/m3 . The average log price is \$100/m3.

Net return (stumpage) is therefore \$40/m3 (\$20,000/ha).

After taking into account annual costs, inflation, tax, and discounting from the harvest date, my forest is valued at:

A 5% increase in average log price (assuming no other changes) will have the result of changing gross revenue from \$100 to \$105 (+5%) and net revenue from \$40 to \$45 (+12.5%).

This has the following impact on value:

Changes in costs have the opposite effect. In this example to achieve the same \$5 increase in net revenue would involve a reduction in costs of 8.3% (from \$60 to \$55).

In summary: rising (or falling) log prices will have an amplified effect on forest value, but the exact level will depend on the timeframe until harvest (assuming all other factors remain unchanged).

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Angus Malcolm is a senior adviser at Crighton Anderson. You can contact him here.