Capital markets review recommends changes to KiwiSaver to help lift the level of kiwis' engagement with & interest in investment so more New Zealanders actively participate to create personal wealth

Capital markets review recommends changes to KiwiSaver to help lift the level of kiwis' engagement with & interest in investment so more New Zealanders actively participate to create personal wealth

A report proposing ways to boost New Zealand's capital markets is suggesting KiwiSaver members be allowed to both self-direct and invest with multiple KiwiSaver providers.

The report produced by EY, from an industry-led working group initiated by share market operator NZX and the Financial Markets Authority, features 42 recommendations. Some of the other recommendations to catch the eye include:

- Review Crown contribution to capital markets which balances Crown control with the opportunity for broader ownership;
- Consider local government reform by central Government to ensure local councils assess all funding options for necessary infrastructure;
- Establish a centralised process for compliance on anti-money laundering which market participants can rely on across Australasian capital markets. And;
- Remove requirement to provide prospective financial information for first regulated offers.

But it's the KiwiSaver suggestions that are the cornerstone of the report.

"One of our objectives is to lift the level of engagement and interest New Zealanders have in the investment side of the capital markets so that more New Zealanders actively participate to create personal wealth. The changes we have recommended to KiwiSaver are largely focused on this objective," the report says. 

"Over time, KiwiSaver accounts will become the predominant pool of retirement savings. We believe our KiwiSaver recommendations will retain direct personal participation in the capital markets, open access to alternative investments and, more importantly, act as a catalyst for greater innovation from existing and new KiwiSaver providers. Incentives for KiwiSaver entrants to make an active choice on the type of KiwiSaver fund to join and our recommendations on financial literacy should promote better long-term outcomes for New Zealand."

The full suite of KiwiSaver-related recommendations are;

- Allow members to self-direct and invest with multiple providers;
- Mandate employers’ contributions and a stepped contribution rate option for low income earners;
- Withdraw KiwiSaver default - provider status and replace with default funds. And;
- Reinstate a kickstart payment for members over 18 years old and link with an active choice on fund.

The report is entitled Growing New Zealand’s Capital Markets 2029 A vision and growth agenda to promote stronger capital markets for all New Zealanders.

Capital Markets 2029 is chaired by ex-investment banker Martin Stearne, with assistance from EY as a professional consultant. Other steering committee members include company director Rob Campbell, Chapman Tripp lawyer Rachel Dunne, Ross George of private equity group Direct Capital, Westpac NZ CEO David McLean, Jarden's James Lee, Neil Paviour-Smith of Forsyth Barr, Mint Asset Management's Rebecca Thomas, NZ Super Fund CEO Matt Whineray, and Geoff Zame of Craigs Investment Partners.

The report says its recommendations are designed to improve capital markets in one or more of the following ways:

- Raise the level of individual participation and engagement in capital markets;
- Offer more choice of investment for individuals, both within KiwiSaver and more generally;
- Grow the base of companies that can access the public capital market, reduce the barriers to listing where possible and increase motivation for public companies to remain listed;
- Grow the private capital ecosystem in New Zealand;
- Use the capital markets to fund infrastructure in New Zealand. And;
- Create greater wealth for New Zealanders.

Commerce and Consumer Affairs Minister Kris Faafoi says the report highlights key areas of opportunity "to ensure New Zealand’s capital markets continue to support sustainable economic growth."

“I expect this report will provide an important starting point for further discussions within industry to ensure our capital markets provide economic growth that supports the wellbeing of New Zealanders,” Faafoi says. 

The new capital markets review comes a decade after the government initiated Capital Markets Taskforce led by the late investment banker Rob Cameron.

Below is more detail on KiwiSaver from the report.

Allow members to self-direct and invest with multiple providers

KiwiSaver members have little or no access to unlisted asset classes common in overseas retirement savings plans.

There is a significant mismatch between the liquidity of investments owned by members and the expected investment duration of KiwiSaver. Most providers have highly liquid portfolios (generally concentrated in cash, bonds and listed equities).

Only a handful of managers we spoke to have funds that invest in illiquid assets and such assets are a small portion of those funds. There is a need to maintain some liquidity because members can change providers with 20 days’ notice, but the majority of members in growth funds are unlikely to gain access to private market assets under current settings and existing approaches by investment managers.

We recommend that all KiwiSaver members have the ability to invest with more than one KiwiSaver provider. This will allow for greater product innovation as well as competition amongst KiwiSaver providers under this proposal.

KiwiSaver members looking for a wider range of specialist investment options should have the ability to choose and allocate a certain contribution or balance to a second KiwiSaver provider who may offer greater access to a range of investments, including illiquid investments where liquidity risk would sit with the member rather than the provider for a fixed period of time. This gives investors greater flexibility and choice without having to switch all of their investment from one provider to another.

We also recommend a full, self-directed KiwiSaver option where members choose their own investments and registered providers hold the chosen investments in a custodian-type arrangement for each specific member. Under this model, the KiwiSaver member would bear the liquidity risk of their investments, rather than the provider, as is the case under the current model. We are aware of at least one fund where members can choose their underlying investments from a given list. However, in this case, liquidity risk still sits with the provider and the investment choices are generally liquid assets. Moving to a self-directed model would allow members to invest in less-liquid assets such as private equity and other funds. This gives members greater choice and control over their investments and creates a more diverse market. It also maintains direct retail investor participation in the market.

We are not suggesting that self-directed KiwiSaver investment will suit all members or that adoption will be significant. Even if only a small fraction of members moved to this model, it would increase diversity in New Zealand’s capital markets and encourage further innovation from existing and new KiwiSaver providers in investing in unlisted and less-liquid assets.

We do not support a self-management option where members manage their own KiwiSaver funds outside a registered KiwiSaver provider. This option has led to worse outcomes in Australia, particularly for accounts with smaller balances.

You can see more on the viability of KiwiSaver members contributing to multiple schemes here, and KiwiSaver's infrastructure investment potential here.

We welcome your help to improve our coverage of this issue. Any examples or experiences to relate? Any links to other news, data or research to shed more light on this? Any insight or views on what might happen next or what should happen next? Any errors to correct?

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Some good suggestions in there - something is needed to strengthen the share market in NZ. More de-listings than IPOs for years now as companies are bought out or de-camp to the ASX.

You only have to compare the number of responses to this article to anything mentioning houses to see part of the problem - even the highly engaged personal finance fans on this site are far more interested in talking about rental properties than investing in businesses. Terrible news for the country as we all bid up the price of our houses rather than putting money somewhere that might make the country more productive.

I for one would enjoy having more freedom on where to invest my Kiwisaver, and anything that drives people to consider their provider is a step in the right direction.

I would certainly like to be able to be in multiple funds, currently with Simplicity for the low fees, but with only three funds I would like some exposure to other asset classes rather than just equities and bonds.

But why will people invest in NZ companies when they can simply rely on the erstwhile foolproof and completely tax free "accidental: capital gains scheme of NZ property?

Margin call! How about making teaching basic finance and civics as important as all the other strands at school...you'd soon see a pick up in demand for financial products as literacy increases...why else do you eat ceral for breakfast? You didn't imagine the food pyramid all by yourself now did you?

And how about:

1) Requiring the management fees to be a % of the return made by the funds, not flat fees, &
2) Allowing users to transfer between funds (portability) at no cost.

Isn't #2 already true? Don't recall any charges when I changed providers, or when I changed funds within the same provider.

I disagree with 1 - fund providers still need to be able to keep the lights on even if there is a global crash. I could be convinced of a split fee, part flat rate and part based on performance, but that does complicate comparisons.

At present it's a bit of a gravy train, so I guess the point is to establish how to make it less of a gravy train. Fund managers taking 1-2% of a balance regardless of their performance just seems greedy and out of balance, especially when active management doesn't seem to outperform passive funds, by and large.

I agree with that and always recommend people vote with their feet to one of the cheaper providers, but I wouldn't want to see 100% performance related fees and a bunch of providers going to the wall if the world markets are down for a year or two.

Taleb would argue that advisers have every ability to handle rare events should they wish to invest wisely.

Make the default funds aggressive growth funds if the kiwisaver is under 45 then automatically move them to less risky funds as they get older if they haven't actively taken charge of their kiwisaver.

The reason I dont even bother with Kiwisaver is because it can't be self managed, like you can in Australia. Obviously the people involved in this report are against the idea because they are all on the gravy train of fund management fees. However, why should an individual investor be denied the ability to choose their own investments, manage their own fund, receive the same tax advantages as a managed Kiwisaver, and pay no fees?
Australians can also use a SMSF to hold investment property, which would go a long way towards bringing in tenancy reform for protecting tenants from being evicted due to owners wanting to sell up, or move in. A SMSF can also be for two or more people, not just an individual.
New Zealanders really need to speak up and demand the right to SMSFs. If you look at Australian figures, its clear as to why these fund managers are so worried.
"As at March 2019 the nearly 600,000 SMSFs in Australia have a combined total of 1,129,542 members. Although this represents less than 5% of Australia’s population, they account for $747 billion, or about 27% of the $2.7 trillion invested in superannuation. This is significantly more than the $678 billion in industry funds (i.e. those run by industry bodies) and the $623 billion invested in retail funds (i.e. those run by financial institutions)." Source: Australian Taxation Office

"Australians can also use a SMSF to hold investment property, which would go a long way towards bringing in tenancy reform for protecting tenants from being evicted due to owners wanting to sell up, or move in. A SMSF can also be for two or more people, not just an individual."

A SMSF is not protection against the landlord wanting to move in.. the SMSF can sell/transfer the house to it owners, they just need to jump through a few hoops to do it so they don't fall foul of various rules.
https://smsfcommunity.ampcapital.com.au/s/question/0D50V00003IksQdSAJ/tr...

You can only access SMSF assets once retired.

But the SMSF can sell its property at anytime, including, with a little hoop jumping, to the beneficary of the SMSF.

It may be assumed from this that an SMSF cannot sell a property already holds to a related party. However, that is not the case – there is no legislative provision that prohibits an SMSF from selling a property or other asset to a related party. If an SMSF is to sell or transfer a property it holds to any party (including a related party such as a member), the applicable legislation requires that this be done on an arm’s length basis, with the property first being valued, and the purchase price reflecting the current market value of the property. The trustee of the SMSF should also have regard

from https://www.jwmann.com.au/static/uploads/files/ntaa-advice-newsletter-no...

You need to be suspicious when NZX sponsors these proposals. The purpose of Kiwisaver is to benefit savers. Not to drive more turnover for the company that runs the stock exchange.

The report is called "Growing New Zealand’s Capital Markets", probably worth having someone representing our main stock exchange involved. The Kiwisaver aspect is only part of it. If the NZX is able to encourage more companies to list and increase funding options for our companies, we all benefit.

Changes to reduce taxation on investment earnings is not mentioned here but is in the report. That would have to be one of the most significant incentives for retirement investment in Kiwisaver. There's little reason to tie money up until 65 in a regulated fully taxed scheme (outside of the $1042 pa to get the free 50% return on that from the govt).