NZD made up some lost ground, ending the week around 0.6890 USD; USD was weaker, with the TWI major index down 0.6%; global rates were lower, UST 10yr dived 10 bps to 2.32%; local rates had a slight downward bias

By Jason Wong

It was a volatile Friday night trading session with the net result being slightly weaker US equities, lower global bond rates and a weaker USD.  The NZD made up some lost ground.

It was all looking like an uneventful end to the week until news hit the screens that former US national security adviser Michael Flynn pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI about his communications with the Russian ambassador to the US.  ABC news reported that Mr Flynn was prepared to testify that Mr Trump directed him to make contact with Russian officials during the transition.  US stocks plunged as much as 1.6%, the US 10-year rate dived 10bps to 2.32% and the USD came under significant pressure.

These losses were pared as bargain hunters came in and the reversal was further supported by Senate Majority Leader McConnell reporting that the Republicans had the numbers to pass the long-debated tax reform bill. After the close the Senate approved the bill by a slim majority with this week’s task now being the reconciliation progress between the House and Senate versions of the bill.  Something closer to the Senate version is more likely, which still adds unnecessary stimulus to the US economy at a time when full employment has been reached.  It adds to the case for further Fed tightening next year, with a rate hike later this month already largely fully priced.

The S&P500 ended the session down by only 0.2%, while the US 10-year rate ended the day down by “only” 5bps to 2.36%.  European bond markets were caught in the swing of the action, with Germany’s 10-year rate falling by 6bps to 0.30%, its lowest level in nearly 3-months.

Over the weekend, the ABC news item that caused the plunge in risk appetite has proved to be false, but a tweet from Trump (that suggests he knew about Flynn lying to the FBI) could bolster an obstruction of justice case against him.  This story isn’t over yet.

The USD TWI major index ended the session down 0.6%, with a stronger CAD leading the charge, after a blockbuster Canadian jobs report.  Much stronger than expected employment dragged the unemployment rate down to a decade-low and this saw expectations for the next BoC rate hike brought forward to March 2018.  USD/CAD fell by 1.6% to 1.2685.

The NZD was the next top performer, showing a deserved recovery after becoming oversold post Thursday’s weak business outlook survey.  It ended the week around 0.6890, up 0.9% from the local close.  NZD was stronger on all the crosses (except against the CAD).  NZD/AUD closed the week around 0.9050.

EUR and GBP were the two weakest majors, even slipping a little against the beleaguered USD.  Economic data took a back seat, with the market largely ignoring a stronger than expected UK manufacturing PMI.  GBP slipped 0.4% to 1.3480, perhaps reflecting some profit-taking a strong run on optimism that trade talks between the EU and UK might soon be able to begin.  NZD crosses against these currencies were up in the order of 1% for the day, with NZD/GBP back up through 0.51 and NZD/EUR just under 0.58.

There was a slight downward bias to the local rates market on Friday, with the swaps curve down 1bp.  This saw the 2-year rate close at 2.14% and the 10-year rate at 3.08%, getting close to fresh year-to-date lows.  This week only second-tier data are released so the biggest potential market mover is Acting Governor Spencer’s speech tomorrow with the title, “Low inflation and its implications for monetary policy”.

On the global front we’ll be watching closely to see how Trump (and family) is implicated in the Flynn affair and further debate on US tax reform while on the economic front the US employment report at the end of the week is a key focus.


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